Greenhouse Growing: Tips for fresh greenhouse vegetables
The purpose of greenhouse is to create the perfect growing environment for the selected crops throughout the year. This is beneficial for the market and common people in those seasons when the prices of certain vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, cucumber, etc, are at a premium. However, in order to make sure that the production continues to meet the demand of the market, there are some factors that need an in depth knowledge, care, and adjustments for success in growing the desired plants.
Below are some of the factors that need special attention in order to grow greenhouse vegetables properly and at fair rate of production:
* Temperature: Regulating air temperature in the greenhouse is important for vegetative growth. To determine heating requirements, it is essential to know the minimum temperature requirements for the crop, the lowest outdoor temperature that might be expected, and the surface area of the greenhouse. Moreover, greenhouse cooling is also important. Evaporative cooling is one of the most efficient and economical way to reduce greenhouse temperatures. Overall, heating, cooling, and ventilation should be automated to save labor and to ensure proper temperature control.
* Soil: Use of existing soil on the site is one of the easiest ways to get started in a greenhouse. However, soils must be well drained and a soil test must be taken before planting to determine the amount of fertilizer to apply for each crop. Soils can also be improved by applying ample quantities of manure or compost.
* Carbon-di-oxide: The introduction of supplementary carbon-di-oxide into the greenhouse has been found to increase the yields of greenhouse tomatoes and other vegetables significantly. The supplementary carbon-di-oxide is most effective on days when the greenhouse has been shut up for several days with no ventilation.
* Integrated Pest management: It is a comprehensive approach to the management of pests in a greenhouse. Pesticides are used in combination with culture, natural, mechanical, and biological control as well as insect monitoring to maximize the effectiveness of control methods.
When preparing beds for the vegetable and annual herbs, ensure proper drainage on a concrete floor by laying down a slated base under the beds or making a drainage pipe to channel away excess water. It is essential that you create more space by attaching trellises for plants like tomatoes and cucumbers and filling the space between these as they grow by planting other salad plants below.
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